General Tree List

These varieties are available on a range of rootstocks from dwarf to vigorous as bare root trees in winter..

 

Early Eating Apples

Exeter Cross

Discovery

Early Julien Cross

White Juneating

Quinte

Beauty Of Bath

Lass O Gowrie

Red Astrakhan

Exeter Cross

George Cave

Irish Peach

Emneth Early

 

Mid-season Apples

Greensleeves

Red James Grieve

Lady Lambourne

Liberty

Red Fortune

Lord Rosebery

Bloody Ploughman

Devonshire Quarrenden

Port Allen Russet

Katy

Arbroath Oslin

Red Devil

Coul Blush

Bloody Ploughman

Cambusnethan Pippin

Cutler Grieve

Devon Quarrenden

Worcester Pearmain

William Crump

Hood’s Supreme

Golden Pippin

King of the Pippins

Lemon Queen

Tydeman’s Early Worcester

Thorle Pippin

 

Late Eaters

Ard Cairn Russet

Ashmead’s Kernel

Noris

Lady Lambourne

Red Windsor

Red Charles Ross

Sunset

Ribston Pippin

Jupiter

Lady Lambourne

Saturn

St Edmund’s Pippin

Ellison’s Orange

Kidd’s Orange Red

Charles Ross

Siddington Russet

St Edmund’s Pippin

Tydeman’s Late Orange

Egremont Russet

Ellison’s Orange

Wheeler’s Russet

Lady of the Lake

 

Cookers / Dual:

Early:

Grenadier

Keswick Codlin

East Lothian Pippin

Emneth Early

Stobo Castle

 

Mid:

Beauty of Moray

Mank’s Codlin

Boskoop

Seaton House

Hawthornden

Lord Derby

Lady of Wemyss

Monarch

Catshead

Stirling Castle

Golden Noble

White Melrose

 

Late:

Bramley

Edward V11

Galloway Pippin

Arthur Turner

Crimson Newton Wonder

Tower Of Glamis

Reinette Grise

Bountiful

Clydeside

Scot’s Bridget

 

Cider Apples

Browns

Dabinette

Camelot

Morgan Sweet

Kingston Black

Tam Jeffrey

Tom Putt

Harry Master’s Jersey

 

OTHER FRUITS

Plums

Victoria Plum

Opal Plums

River’s Early Plum

Damson Shropshire Prune

Cambridge Gage

 

Cherries

Cherry Merton Glory

Cherry Stella

Cherry Sunburst

 

Pears

Pear Beth

Pear Conference

Quince Champion

 

Crab Apple

Golden Hornet

Weeping Crab

 

Medlar

Nottingham

 

Hazel

Kent Cob

Plants for Beer

We have just spent a mini-break in Copenhagen, and as usual landed up in a botanic garden!

 

It’s a lovely walk up from the city centre through pleached crab apple hedges and on to a  park containing some lovely specimens of  Cornelian cherries. This tree bears edible fruit, many of which were on the floor, though they are reputedly rather astringent, and also used from Greece to Russia for distilling or for making liqueurs. The yellow flowers in spring are a delight in gardens in the UK too. I can’t recall ever seeing the fruit  on the trees here though.  Maybe this warm summer induced some fruiting?

In through some buildings and out into the botanics,  one of the first things you come across is a marvellous series of beds laid out with hops and other plants used in the beer industry in Scandinavia. I’m not going to list all the plants of interest here, go and see for yourself!

 

As well as a few remaining hop plants, there are many different herbs and grains here including this Rye plant, which i wouldn’t have recognised.

Next to the Beer garden is a good display of European native plants, to the untrained eye it looks like a big patch of weeds! Which actually many of them are!

Beyond this we came across a group of quinces, upon which the smell from  masses of  ripening fruits was almost overpowering!

The final lasting impression I had was of the many Mistletoe plants on the trees in the surrounding woodland area, giving an impression almost of a tropical forest of Bromeliads.

Cox Apples

An unusual occurrence this year! Well not the drought, but I am genuinely astonished to see little Cox Apples growing this year on an M26 open grown bush tree. In it’s 7 years this is by far the most productive season.

Cox Orange Pippins, to be correct, are a very well known late ripening sweet, with a hint of acid, apples familiar to us all in the supermarkets. We have been developing this fruit in Kent for a century, to the neglect of many more easily produced varieties. Because in fact it is notoriously difficult, even in good summers, needing a lot of spraying and watering. And for the commercial grower, it just isn’t as remunerative as other moderns.

But, hey, we like to munch this little apple in January don’t we? It is the “crisp’ that all my customers refer to in their choice of variety. It is thought to be derived from Ribston Pippin, which is altogether a much more vigorous tree though not that productive in Scotland either. Except for this year with a good number of fruits appearing on my trees. I look forward to tasting this highly esteemed Parent of Cox!

If you have a nice south facing wall, then yes go for a Cox, preferably the self-fertile clone. Otherwise, go for Sunset, the nearest option. Again quite small, but productive in my garden and elsewhere.

Charles Ross has some Cox parentage, but it is larger, and really a dual purpose apple. It has that characteristic russetting though.

Jupiter is the triploid version, its big, ribbed and very colourful. It makes for a spectacular sight in September.

Kidd’s Orange Red has many similarities, its larger too and a late ripener, and a lovely flavour.  Tydeman’s Late Orange is another Cox hybrid, being crossed with Laxton’s Superb it makes a nice late dessert.

Happy munching 2018!

Kidd's

Kidd’s Orange Red

Codlins and Pies

The Codlin apples are of  very great interest to us in Scotland as I come across them growing successfully in odd places.  They are remarkably hardy, albeit not the most attractive or the longest keeping of fruit, nor usually sufficiently large for a really good pie. Always yellow or green skinned, and rarely any coloured flush except for a bit of pinky-brown! They are always long and narrow.

The season with me starts with Early Julien, the most yellow skinned of my trees, and then Keswick Codlin, an early thin skinned cooker that saw its heyday when New Zealand apples stole the late apple market. It makes for one of your earliest pies, and is very pretty in flower. If you are able to cope with the rainfall of The lakes, then you must be of worth!

I have come across a hedgerow of Emneth Early trees in Falkirk, and only realised as the fruit was ripening! Again, a bit small, light yellow and well ribbed, but can make a wee snack too.

Another Codlin that I have happened across is Mank’s Codlin or Eve Apple of Scotland.  Oh my how many apples can you get on a small tree! These varieties are certainly precocious!  I can munch on these fruits when one falls off the tree in the orchard. The “Eve” probably refers to how many centuries these apples have been cultivated.

The neatest little almost weeping variety is Golden Spire, a good many that still survive of 80 to 100 years old in our village. Someone must have been grafting it and offering it around!

The bruiser of the group is our Tower of Glamis, a triploid and a giant! We have a little spindlebush on the pathway which produces a dozen or so massive apples. I constantly wonder how it manages to produce them from such a small tree.

Other contenders with Codlin parentage could be Liddel’s Seedling, and they are not so different to the Costards, such as Lord Derby and Catshead. Lord Derby is the deepest green of the group, medium sized and the one branch on my family tree is always strung with excellent mid-season cookers.

I also have a Burr Knot apple, one that roots from cuttings, which also has green ribbed little fruits. I suspect if we sowed the seeds of many of our apples, over time they would all revert to little Codlins!

Keswick Codlin

Tam Jeffrey

I desperately wanted this very pretty little apple to sweeten up over time, but it resolutely keeps an acidic hint. Very good to add to the cider mix though! Quite prolific even on young trees.

Tam Jeffrey

Fiesta

This is a distinctly Cox like apple,  ripening here late September. Fairly productive and, unlike Cox, has healthy clean fruit too. So if you like a tasty crisp apple this may be for you.

Fiesta