General Tree List

These varieties are available on a range of rootstocks from dwarf to vigorous as bare root trees in winter..

 

Early Eating Apples

Exeter Cross

Discovery

Early Julien Cross

White Juneating

Quinte

Beauty Of Bath

Lass O Gowrie

Red Astrakhan

Exeter Cross

George Cave

Irish Peach

Emneth Early

 

Mid-season Apples

Greensleeves

Red James Grieve

Lady Lambourne

Liberty

Red Fortune

Lord Rosebery

Bloody Ploughman

Devonshire Quarrenden

Port Allen Russet

Katy

Arbroath Oslin

Red Devil

Coul Blush

Bloody Ploughman

Cambusnethan Pippin

Cutler Grieve

Devon Quarrenden

Worcester Pearmain

William Crump

Hood’s Supreme

Golden Pippin

King of the Pippins

Lemon Queen

Tydeman’s Early Worcester

Thorle Pippin

 

Late Eaters

Ard Cairn Russet

Ashmead’s Kernel

Noris

Lady Lambourne

Red Windsor

Red Charles Ross

Sunset

Ribston Pippin

Jupiter

Lady Lambourne

Saturn

St Edmund’s Pippin

Ellison’s Orange

Kidd’s Orange Red

Charles Ross

Siddington Russet

St Edmund’s Pippin

Tydeman’s Late Orange

Egremont Russet

Ellison’s Orange

Wheeler’s Russet

Lady of the Lake

 

Cookers / Dual:

Early:

Grenadier

Keswick Codlin

East Lothian Pippin

Emneth Early

Stobo Castle

 

Mid:

Beauty of Moray

Mank’s Codlin

Boskoop

Seaton House

Hawthornden

Lord Derby

Lady of Wemyss

Monarch

Catshead

Stirling Castle

Golden Noble

White Melrose

 

Late:

Bramley

Edward V11

Galloway Pippin

Arthur Turner

Crimson Newton Wonder

Tower Of Glamis

Reinette Grise

Bountiful

Clydeside

Scot’s Bridget

 

Cider Apples

Browns

Dabinette

Camelot

Morgan Sweet

Kingston Black

Tam Jeffrey

Tom Putt

Harry Master’s Jersey

 

OTHER FRUITS

Plums

Victoria Plum

Opal Plums

River’s Early Plum

Damson Shropshire Prune

Cambridge Gage

 

Cherries

Cherry Merton Glory

Cherry Stella

Cherry Sunburst

 

Pears

Pear Beth

Pear Conference

Quince Champion

 

Crab Apple

Golden Hornet

Weeping Crab

 

Medlar

Nottingham

 

Hazel

Kent Cob

Plants for Beer

We have just spent a mini-break in Copenhagen, and as usual landed up in a botanic garden!

 

It’s a lovely walk up from the city centre through pleached crab apple hedges and on to a  park containing some lovely specimens of  Cornelian cherries. This tree bears edible fruit, many of which were on the floor, though they are reputedly rather astringent, and also used from Greece to Russia for distilling or for making liqueurs. The yellow flowers in spring are a delight in gardens in the UK too. I can’t recall ever seeing the fruit  on the trees here though.  Maybe this warm summer induced some fruiting?

In through some buildings and out into the botanics,  one of the first things you come across is a marvellous series of beds laid out with hops and other plants used in the beer industry in Scandinavia. I’m not going to list all the plants of interest here, go and see for yourself!

 

As well as a few remaining hop plants, there are many different herbs and grains here including this Rye plant, which i wouldn’t have recognised.

Next to the Beer garden is a good display of European native plants, to the untrained eye it looks like a big patch of weeds! Which actually many of them are!

Beyond this we came across a group of quinces, upon which the smell from  masses of  ripening fruits was almost overpowering!

The final lasting impression I had was of the many Mistletoe plants on the trees in the surrounding woodland area, giving an impression almost of a tropical forest of Bromeliads.

Andalucia and a Million Olive Trees

 

 

Last year I reported on a trip to  the Jerte Valley in Extradamura where I saw many Cherry trees. And in fact upon my return i found them for sale at a farm shop in Angus! Last month ( March)  I was again in Spain and visited both Madrid and Cordoba Botanic Gardens. Both had collections of herbs and fruit trees, but Cordoba also had splendid indoor displays of Olive, Vine and other traditional crops used for making baskets. However my best experience was seeing the extent of Olive growing in the south of Spain as I literally cycled through 200km of Olive Orchards! I am beginning to get the impression that Spain does its horticulture at a big scale. If ever there were a disease to hit these trees, then the economy of the region would collapse overnight.

The last of the trees along the Via Verde del Aceite were being harvested as i cycled by in early March; I scrumped a few, and was surprised to find them bitter and producing a red stain on my fingers. So much for olive green!

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Apparently ( according to wiki) they all need to be partially fermented to make them palatable. I saw men using sticks and a Stihl machine with a long vibrating pole to shake off the last fruits, which were then raked up by hand.

Surprisingly few varieties are grown commercially, and the dozen or so countries growing them tend to have their own favourite varieties. It is a growing industry, olives as we know being associated with healthy diets. Spain is by far the biggest producer, followed by Italy, Greece, Turkey and Morocco, with US and China all getting in on the act it seems.

It is suggested that they are not self-fertile, so a mix of varieties is necessary. I couldn’t discern a mix of trees myself, but there were orchards with a slightly greener leaf colour. The pollen can cause considerable irritation and it is windblown to boot. Glad I don’t live next door to an Olive Farm!

My biggest concern was the fact that there was no ground flora beneath these orchards, or very rarely a patch of yellow flowers, and as a consequence the heavy rains have caused a considerable amount of erosion on the hillsides. The area I travelled through was predominantly limestone and I would have expect to see a good number of flowers.

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Pruning was being carried out in many orchards, and seems to be quite brutal with big limbs being cut out of the middle of the trees with chainsaws. Presumably this is to let light in, and to facilitate easier harvesting with many horizontal branches. The spacing between the trees was very wide, well over 8m. Only later from the train window did I see some intensive orchards, with trees planted very close together in lines 3m apart or so. These were quite possibly pruned with hedgetrimmers. I wonder what the productivity is of these trees compared to the more extensive systems? Unfortunately i couldn’t find anyone to ask.

However i’m now back home and enjoying some big Olives Margaret bought at the Deli in Dunkeld. Alas I don’t know where they came from but I will be taking more interest as to where they originated and the variety in future!

 

Andrew March 2018.

 

Saskatoons

We have a selection of specially imported Canadian Saskatoons for sale in 3 or 5 litre pots.
These trees produce a fabulously sweet blue berry in July, and are similar to Blueberries. They differ in that they do not need acid soil and prefer good sunlight and any good loamy soil.
The varieties we have for sale are Smoky, Thiessen, Northline and JB 30. These are all commercially selected for their superior sized and quality fruits from tlocal wild trees in central Canada.
They are very hardy, and reach between 2.5 to 3.5 metres. Pruning involves cutting out a few of the tallest trees in a few years time. They are likely to be productive for 40 years or more. Our specialist guide gives more information.

Appletreeman’s Guide to Growing Saskatoons

Monarch

Some big tough old Monarch trees can be found in Scotland. It is a good late cooker for many areas of Scotland, in Stirlingshire i have sen the fruits still on the trees well into January.

Monarch Appletree

Monarch Appletree

It ripens greenish yellow with a red flush. This nice tree is at Kellie Castle in Fife.

Worcester Pearmain

A juicy crispy white fleshed early October eating apple, once grown extensively commercially but now much superceded by more modern varieties. I have a prolific tree in my garden, though i had to learn to prune it as a tip bearer to get it to do so! A deliciou

Worcester Pearmain

Worcester Pearmain

s apple.